FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PERILAKU MEROKOK PENGUNJUNG DI RUMAH SAKIT DAERAH KOLONEL ABUNDJANI KABUPATEN MERANGIN TAHUN 2018
Indonesia is the 3rd country with the largest number of smokers in the world and smoking has become a habit of various communities in Indonesia, from children to parents, men and women. Every time you inhale cigarette smoke, intentionally or unintentionally, it also sucks thousands of poisons. Therefore in the hospital, the rules for No-Smoking Area are applied. However, based on observations there are still many families of patients who visit smoking in the hospital area and throw cigarette butts anywhere and indifferent to the existing regulations. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that influence the smoking behavior of visitors at the Regional Hospital of Colonel Abundjani Bangko Merangin District in 2018
This type of research is quantitative analytical research with cross sectional design. Population and sample were 89 respondents obtained during 7 (seven) research days, starting from September 27 to October 3, 2018. Data were collected through interviews using questionnaires. Data were analyzed by univariate and bivariate using chi-square test.
The majority of male visitors who were in the hospital area were smoking behavior as much as 80,9% of those who did not smoke, with 38,2% having good knowledge, 70,8% being negative, 58,4% having education, 55,1% received socialization from the hospital and 64,0% did not know that there were facilities and infrastructure namely a special place for smoking. Statistical test results show that there is a relationship between knowledge (P_value = 0,038), attitude (P_value = 0,000), education (P_value = 0,024), socialization (P_value = 0,018), facilities and infrastructure (P_value = 0,042) with smoking behavior at home sick.
There is a relationship between knowledge, attitudes, education, socialization, facilities and infrastructure with visitor smoking behavior in the hospital.
Keywords : Knowledge, Attitudes, Education, Socialization, Facilities and Infrastructure, Smoking Behavior of Hospital Visitors