PENGARUH PEMBERIAN (ASI) EKSLUSIF DAN STATUS GIZI DENGAN KEJADIAN PNEUMONIA PADA ANAK BALITA DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS RANTAU PANJANG
Keywords:Pneumonia, Exclusive Breast feeding, Nutritional Status, Pneumonia, Pemberian Asi Eksklusif, Status Gizi
Background: According to WHO in 2019, Five countries were responsible for more than half of child deaths from pneumonia in the world, namely Nigeria (162,000), India (127,000), Pakistan (58,000), Democratic Republic of the Congo (40,000), and Ethiopia (32,000). In 2018, an estimated 19,000 children died from pneumonia. Global estimates show that one hour there are 71 children in Indonesia who are infected with pneumonia (WHO, 2019). Pneumonia is the number one cause of death for children under five in the world. Likewise in Merangin district, the number of pneumonia sufferers in children under five is 4,078. Based on data from the Rantau Panjang Health Center, the number of children under five is 1,876 people. The incidence of pneumonia in children under five is 29 people. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors associated with the incidence of pneumonia in children under five in the Rantau Panjang Public Health . Research Methods: This type of research is a quantitative analytic survey with a cross sectional design. The study was conducted in the working area of the Rantau Panjang Health Center in 2021. The population in this study were mothers who had children under five in the working area of the Rantau Panjang Health Center as many as 1,876 children under five. The sample was obtained using the Simple Random Sampling method as many as 95 respondents. Data were collected through questionnaires, observation sheets, anthropometry and KMS/KIA books. Data were analyzed by univariate and bivariate.Research Results: The results show that there is a significant relationship between the variables of Exclusive Breastfeeding (ASI) and Nutritional Status with the incidence of pneumonia in children under five. Conclusion: Exclusive breastfeeding and nutritional status are risk factors for pneumonia in children under five in the working area of the Rantau Panjang Public Health Center.