HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP PENDERITA DENGAN PENCEGAHAN TBC PARU DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS PULAU PANDAN KECAMATAN LIMUN KABUPATEN SAROLANGUN TAHUN2022
Keywords:Medication Compliance in Patients with Hypertension, education, knowledge, the role of health workers, Kepatuhan Pengobatan Pada Penderita Hipertensi, pendidikan, pengetahuan, Peran Tenaga Kesehatan
Background:The World Health Organization (WHO) declared tuberculosis a global public health emergency in 1993. It causes poor health among millions of people every year and is the second leading cause of death from infectious diseases worldwide, after the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)/AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). Tuberculosis (TB) is still a global health problem. One third of the world's population has been infected with TB where most TB sufferers are of productive age (15-55 years). Jambi Province's CDR achievement in 2021 is 44%, this figure is far from the minimum target that has been set, which is 70% at the highest city-district level in Sarolangun district, which is 61%. Based on data from the Sarolangun District Health Office, tuberculosis cases are in the first place of the 10 biggest diseases and the number is always increasing every year. The highest number of tuberculosis cases in first place were at the Sarolangun Health Center in 2021 with a total of 403 cases of tuberculosis.
Research method: This type of research uses a quantitative analytic type with a case control design. The study was conducted at Pulau Pandan Health Center, Sarolangun Regency in 2022. The population in this study were all patients with pulmonary tuberculosis as many as 60 people and the controls were 60 sufferers' neighbors. Data were collected through interviews using a questionnaire. Data were analyzed by univariate and bivariate using chi-square test at 95% confidence level (X2count X2table)
Results: Shows most respondents Most of the respondents 69 (57.5%) have less knowledge, most of the respondents 87 (72.5%) who expressed a negative attitude. The results of the Chi-Square analysis showed that there was a relationship between knowledge and attitude with the prevention of pulmonary tuberculosis on Pandan Island, Sarolangun Regency in 2022.
Conclusion: Knowledge and attitude are factors related to the prevention of pulmonary tuberculosis at the Pandan Island Health Center.